Your question: What is Ethiopia’s major farming system?

highland livestock-maize mixed farming system area in Ethiopia. The highland livestock-maize mixed farming system 1 is found in western Ethiopia, particularly in Kelen Welega and Illibabur zones ( Figure 10). The dominant commodity of the farming system is livestock, raised for meat, milk and draught power. …

What is the farming system in Ethiopia?

The two dominant agricultural systems in Ethiopia are the mixed agriculture of the highlands, where both crops and livestock production are integrated, and pastoralism in the lowlands. … Commercial agriculture using the river basins, such as the Awash Basin, is a recent phenomenon.

What are the major farming system?

The proposed typology has two major classes of systems-sole livestock and crop-livestock. The sole livestock class has two systems (rangeland-based and landless) and the crop-livestock class has three sub-classes (annual crop-livestock, tree-crop-livestock and irrigated/flooded cropland-livestock).

What are the three types of farming system?

The major ones are:

  • Maize Mixed Farming System.
  • Irrigated Farming System.
  • Rice-Tree Crop Farming System.
  • Root Crop Farming System.
  • Pastoral Farming System.
  • Large Commercial and Smallholder Farming System.
  • Highland Perennial Farming System.
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What are the major farm systems in Africa?

Major farming systems in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Irrigated Farming System. …
  • Tree Crop Farming System. …
  • Forest Based Farming System. …
  • Rice-Tree Crop Farming System. …
  • Highland Perennial Farming System. …
  • Highland Temperate Mixed Farming System. …
  • Root Crop Farming System. …
  • Cereal-Root Crop Mixed Farming System.

What are five major farming system in Ethiopia?

Based on those resources, a total of 10 farming systems were identified for the study clusters: agro-pastoral, highland maize mixed, highland barley-wheat mixed, highland perennial, highland teff mixed, lowland sesame mixed, pastoral, sorghum-chat mixed, sorghum mixed and western-lowland maize mixed. …

What are the major problems of Ethiopian agriculture?

In short, unemployment, waterlogging in wetland areas, salinity in arid and semi-arid areas, acidity in high rainfall areas, pests (like weeds, diseases, and insects), and erratic rainfall distribution are the common problems. In addition, the country’s agriculture highly depends on rain-fed.

What is farm management problem in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia’s agricultural production has been challenged by waterlogging, salinity, acidity, parasitic weed, and irrigation scheduling problems which has resulted in lower yields than the potential. … Soil acidity and associated low nutrient availability is one of the constraints to crop production on acid soils.

What are the different types of farming systems?

They are listed in Table 6.1 and their geographical location is indicated in the accompanying Map.

  • Lowland Rice Farming System. …
  • Tree Crop Mixed Farming System. …
  • Root-Tuber Farming System. …
  • Upland Intensive Mixed Farming System. …
  • Highland Extensive Mixed Farming System. …
  • Temperate Mixed Farming System. …
  • Pastoral Farming System.
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What is the contribution of agriculture in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia’s economy is dependent on agriculture, which accounts for 40 percent of the GDP, 80 percent of exports, and an estimated 75 percent of the country’s workforce. However, just five percent of land is irrigated and crop yields from small farms are below regional averages.

What is farming in Africa?

Family Farming in Africa

Family farms, defined as farms that rely on family labour, feed and employ two-thirds of the African population and work 62 percent of the land. In Sub-Saharan Africa, about 60 percent of the farms are smaller than one hectare, and these farms make up close to 20 percent of the farmland.

What is farming system in West Africa?

West African agriculture ranges from nomadic pastoralism in the far north to root-crop and tree-crop systems in the south. … In the Sahelian zone, millet and sorghum are the predominant crops, transitioning to maize, groundnuts, and cowpeas farther south in the Sudanian zone.

What is the agriculture in Africa?

Africa produces all the principal grains—corn, wheat, and rice—in that order of importance. Corn has the widest distribution, being grown in virtually all ecological zones.