It occurs mostly in tropical African countries and in Nigeria, it can be found in vast quantities in Abia and Oyo State. Laterite is characterized as a reddish clay-like material that is hard when dry and forms topsoil in some tropical or subtropical regions where it is sometimes used for building.
Where is laterite soil mostly found?
In India, laterite soil is widespread, covering over 10% of the total geographical area, namely on the summits of the Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats (Rajamahal Hills, Vindhyas, Satpuras, and Malwa Plateau), southern parts of Maharashtra, parts of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal Orissa, Jharkhand, Kerala, Assam, …
Where can laterite be found?
laterite, soil layer that is rich in iron oxide and derived from a wide variety of rocks weathering under strongly oxidizing and leaching conditions. It forms in tropical and subtropical regions where the climate is humid.
What is the local name of laterite soil?
the other name of laterite soil is red laterite soil.
What are the type of soil found in Nigeria?
The major soil types in Nigeria, according to FAO soil taxonomy legends are fluvisols, regosols, gleysols, acrisols, ferrasols, alisols, lixisols, cambisols, luvisols, nitosols, arenosols and vertisols. These soil types vary in their potential for agricultural use.
Which crops grow in laterite soil?
Crops in Laterite – Lateritic Soils
Laterite soils lack fertility due to intensive leaching. When manured and irrigated, some laterites are suitable for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, cinchona, coconut, arecanut, etc.
In which area laterite soil is not found?
Laterite soil is not found in Haryana. It is found in Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, and Chhattisgarh. In Madhya Pradesh Black soil and Red soil are the two major soil types.
Which soil is laterite soil?
Laterite is both a soil and a rock type rich in iron and aluminium and is commonly considered to have formed in hot and wet tropical areas. Nearly all laterites are of rusty-red coloration, because of high iron oxide content.
What is the origin of laterite soil?
The term laterite means a red rock or red earth deposit. Laterites are formed by the decomposition of different kind of rocks, under conditions yielding aluminum and iron hydroxides.
How is laterite soil formed give the main characteristics of laterite soil where are they found?
The formation of the laterite soil – The laterite soil is formed by high temperatures and intense rainfall with alternate wet and dry periods, resulting in soil leaching and the removal of only iron and aluminum oxides. … Some crops can be grown when the soils are manured and irrigated.
In which district of Maharashtra laterite soil is found?
Laterite soil is found in the Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg and Raigad regions of South Konkan, Kolhapur area in the Western Maharashtra and at top of Sahyadri mountain locale.
Where is sandy soil found in Nigeria?
Northern zone – sandy soils
This sandy soil is mostly found in Sokoto, Kano, Kaduna. Its lightness and looseness are well suited for planting crops.
Where is the sandy soil found?
Abstract: Sandy soils are largely observed in arid and semi-arid regions of north-western plains and along the coastline, and also to some extent in cold desert areas of the country.
Where is loam soil found?
loam, Rich, friable (crumbly) soil with nearly equal parts of sand and silt, and somewhat less clay. The term is sometimes used imprecisely to mean earth or soil in general. Loam in subsoil receives varied minerals and amounts of clay by leaching (percolation) from the topsoil above.