What are some of communicable diseases that create major health problems in Ethiopia?

The main diseases most commonly en- countered are: malaria, diarrhea, intestinal helminthiasis, acute respiratory infections including pneu- monia, tuberculosis and skin diseases. Outbreaks of meningitis, measles and diarrhoeal diseases including cholera are also common during droughts.

What are some of communicable diseases that create major health problems in Ethiopia at least 10?

Communicable diseases are the main cause of health problems in Ethiopia.

Rank Diagnosis Percentage of all inpatient deaths
1 Pneumonia 12.4
2 Other or unspecified effects of external causes 7.1
3 Tuberculosis 7.0
4 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease 5.1

What are the main health problems in Ethiopia?

The main health concerns in Ethiopia include mater- nal mortality, malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS compounded by acute malnutrition and lack of ac- cess to clean water and sanitation.

What are the 5 most communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases

  • 2019-nCoV.
  • CRE.
  • Ebola.
  • Enterovirus D68.
  • Flu.
  • Hantavirus.
  • Hepatitis A.
  • Hepatitis B.
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Which are the major killer diseases in Ethiopia?

The Top Three Deadliest Diseases in Ethiopia

  1. Lower Respiratory Infections. Lower respiratory infections, such as pneumonia and bronchitis, are the number one cause of death in Ethiopia. …
  2. Diarrheal Diseases. Ethiopia has one of the highest rates of rotavirus, the most common cause of severe diarrhea around the world. …
  3. HIV.

What are some of communicable diseases that create major health problems in Somalia?

Disease surveillance and control: The common causes of morbidity and mor- tality are: 1) diarrhoeal diseases, includ- ing cholera; 2) Tuberculosis; 3) malaria, which affects mainly pregnant women and children under five; and 4) measles. There have been no confirmed polio cases in Somalia since 2002.

What are the top 10 diseases?

The Top 10 Deadliest Diseases

  • Respiratory illness.
  • COPD.
  • Cancers.
  • Diabetes.
  • Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Diarrhea.
  • TB.
  • Cirrhosis.

What are the common diseases in Ethiopia?

The main diseases most commonly en- countered are: malaria, diarrhea, intestinal helminthiasis, acute respiratory infections including pneu- monia, tuberculosis and skin diseases. Outbreaks of meningitis, measles and diarrhoeal diseases including cholera are also common during droughts.

What are the non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.

Is a communicable disease spread by pathogen?

Pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protists, cause communicable diseases. A person may develop a communicable disease after becoming infected by the pathogen.

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Some examples of the communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

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What are communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host.

What is communicable disease give example?

person or animal to another, either directly through body fluids or discharge, or indirectly through surfaces, substances or vectors like flies or mosquitoes.” Some examples of communicable diseases include influenza, mumps, chickenpox, hepatitis A and tuberculosis (TB).

What is the most common cause of death in Ethiopia?

Malaria. Malaria is a leading cause of death and disease in many countries. Young children and pregnant women are the groups most affected.

What causes death in Ethiopia?

In Ethiopia, the top five leading causes of age-standardized premature mortality and death rates in 2015 were lower respiratory infections, tuberculosis, diarrheal disease, ischemic heart disease, and HIV/AIDS.