French Equatorial Africa, former French federation in W central Africa. It consisted of four constituent territories: Gabon, Middle Congo (see Congo, Republic of the), Chad, and Ubangi-Shari (now the Central African Republic). The capital was Brazzaville.
What nations were made from French Equatorial Africa?
Discontent and Political Turmoil
In 1908 France made French Equatorial Africa a federation of territories modeled after FRENCH WEST AFRICA. The new federation consisted of four territories: Gabon, Congo (modern-day Congo, Brazzaville), Oubangui-Chari (modern-day Central African Republic), and Chad.
What countries did France own in Africa?
French West Africa (French: Afrique occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.
Which country was a member of the French Equatorial Africa in 1910?
Chad was made part of French Equatorial Africa in 1910 and a separate colony within it in 1920. In World War II, Chad was the first French territory to declare its loyalty to Gen.
What was French Equatorial Africa broken into?
French Equatorial Africa, or Afrique équatoriale française, was established in 1910. It was divided into four administrative divisions, Congo, Gabon, Oubangui-Chari, and Chad.
What is French Equatorial Africa now called?
From 1934 Moyen-Congo was directly administered by the governor-general of French Equatorial Africa. It was granted independent status as the Congo Republic in 1960 and was subsequently renamed the People’s Republic of the Congo, abbreviated Congo (Brazzaville). Fast Facts.
When was Congo part of French Equatorial Africa?
French Congo, French Congo Français, French possessions in Equatorial Africa from 1897 until 1910, when the colonies of Gabon, Middle Congo (Moyen-Congo), and Ubangi-Shari-Chad were federated under the name Afrique Équatoriale Française (AEF).
What two countries were once French colonies?
Note: The French colonies of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia were organized as French Indochina.
What were the 5 French colonies?
The French colonial empire in the Americas comprised New France (including Canada and Louisiana), French West Indies (including Saint-Domingue, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Dominica, St. Lucia, Grenada, Tobago and other islands) and French Guiana. French North America was known as ‘Nouvelle France’ or New France.
When did the French colonize Africa?
The French presence in Africa dates to the 17th century, but the main period of colonial expansion came in the 19th century with the invasion of Ottoman Algiers in 1830, conquests in West and Equatorial Africa during the so-called scramble for Africa and the establishment of protectorates in Tunisia and Morocco in the …
How many French colonies were in Africa?
French West Africa (French: Afrique-Occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Ivory Coast, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.
What did France do in North Africa?
In 1830, French troops captured Algiers and from 1848 until independence in 1962, France treated Mediterranean Algeria as an integral part of France, the Métropole or metropolitan France. Seeking to expand their influence beyond Algeria, the French established protectorates to the east and west of it.
Why did European countries colonize Africa?
The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. … Due to cheap labour of Africans, Europeans easily acquired products like oil, ivory, rubber, palm oil, wood, cotton and gum. These products became of greater significance due to the emergence of the Industrial Revolution.
Which part of Africa is Sub Saharan?
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United Nations, it consists of all African countries and territories that are fully or partially south of the Sahara.
Why did the French colonize Cameroon?
Cameroon as a political entity emerged from the colonization of Africa by Europeans. From 1884, Cameroon was a German colony, German Kamerun, with its borders drawn through negotiations between the Germans, British, and French.
History of Cameroon.
|British Cameroons Southern Cameroons||1922–1961|
Why did France take over Chad?
By 1887, France, motivated by the search for wealth, had driven inland from its settlements on central Africa’s west coast to claim the territory of Oubangui-Chari (present-day Central African Republic).