For probably as long as people have lived in Africa, they have eaten culturally and traditionally important indigenous fruits such as baobab, desert date, black plum, and tamarind.
What foods are native to West Africa?
To most West Africans, foods like yams, corn, cassava, rice, and groundnuts are indispensable in their diet. Other common foods are green vegetables, dried peas, pumpkin, squash, eggplants, okra, garlic, and tomatoes. A few common dishes in West Africa are gari and fufu.
What crop is indigenous to West Africa?
Many foods were originally domesticated in West Africa, including grains like African rice, Pearl Millet, Sorghum, and Fonio; tree crops like Kola nut, used in Coca-Cola, and Oil Palm; and other globally important plant foods such as Watermelon, Okra, Black-eye peas, and Yams.
What produce is native to Africa?
Types of Best African Vegetables
- African Black Nightshade. Botanical Name: Solanum scabrum. …
- Stinging Nettle. Botanical Name: Urtica dioica. …
- Amaranth. Botanical Name: Amaranthus spp. …
- African Cabbage. Botanical Name: Cleome gyandra. …
- Cowpeas. Botanical Name: Vigna unguiculata. …
- African Eggplant. …
- Ethiopian Kale. …
- African Baobab.
What crops originated in West Africa?
The spread of African agriculture (1000 bce-500 CE) Sorghum and millet were the number one crops of West Africans, and they continued to put a lot of emphasis on cattle herding as well. This played a role in a great migration of farmers out of West Africa starting approximately 1000 BCE.
What fruits and vegetables are native to Africa?
In southern Africa, a greater variety of fruits and vegetables abound. Fruits and vegetables include bananas, pineapples, pawpaw (papaya), mangoes, avocados, tomatoes, carrots, onions, potatoes, and cabbage.
What is the most popular food in West Africa?
Jollof rice, also called benachin, is a popular dish all over West Africa. It originated in Senegal but has since spread to the whole of West Africa, especially Nigeria and Ghana amongst members of the Wolof ethnic group, from whom the word “jollof” originated.
What edible plants are native to Africa?
Yet across Africa today the main vegetables are crops such as sweet potato, cooking banana (plantain), cassava, peanut, common bean, peppers, eggplant, and cucumber. Countries in the elevated central regions—Burundi, Rwanda, Ethiopia, and Kenya—grow potato.
Where are fruits native to?
The Origin of Cultivated Fruits and Vegetables
What grows in West Africa?
In West Africa, the main staple crops such as maize, cassava, millet, and sorghum are mostly dependent on rainfall10. The region is influenced by large-scale climate teleconnections11 and some of the largest deficits in crop production have been due to droughts induced by declines in rainfall12.
What berries grow in Africa?
Bramble growing in South Africa:
As with popular blueberries and gooseberries, brambles such as blackberries and raspberries are other South African favourite berries.
What is the national fruit of Africa?
Ackee is derived from the original name Ankye which comes from the Twi language of Ghana. The botanical name of the fruit – Blighia Sapida – was given in honour of Captain William Bligh of “Mutiny on the Bounty” fame, who in 1793 took plants of the fruit from Jamaica to England.
What fruits are native to Nigeria?
New Tastes: Fruits Native To Nigeria
- Agbalumo. This fruit, known as the African Cherry or African Star Apple, is very similar to an orange fig. …
- June Plums. June Plums are rather interesting, with a spiky core that must not be eaten. …
- Icheku. …
- Kola Nut. …
- Garden Eggs. …
Is corn native to Africa?
As we discussed above, maize is not indigenous to Africa; it was first introduced into the Gold Coast sometime in the seventeenth century, at which point it diffused rapidly across the continent.
What beans are native to Africa?
In Africa black-eyed beans (which are indigenous to the continent, where they are a staple food), mung beans and red kidney beans are most commonly used. Beans are used in several types of dishes, for instance soups, stews, rice dishes, salads and as snacks.
Which of these plants is native to Africa?
Out of all the African plants and trees, Africa is home to only one native species of baobab tree. These trees may be the oldest living things on the continent, with some measured at over 3,000 years old.