Yams require a fertile, well-drained soil with a high organic matter content. Plant at the beginning of summer in areas that receive a wet season. They will grow in full sun or semi-shade but need a trellis. Plants need plenty of water during the growing season.
How long do African yams take to grow?
Yams typically take about 14 weeks to mature. They should be harvested when the tops of plants start to go yellow and wither. Harvesting generally occurs in autumn. Remove yams from the soil.
How did yams grow?
Yam is grown on free draining, sandy and fertile soil, after clearing the first fallow. … Planting is done by seed yam or cut setts from ware tubers. One day before planting, the tubers have to be subjected to treatment with wood ash or a fungicide (thiabendazole) to prevent damage to the soils.
How do yams grow in South Africa?
Plant the tubers close together in a seedbed in July to August. Cover with a 5 cm layer of soil. When the shoots appear increase watering. The shoots should be ready (20 to 30 cm long) for planting in 5 to 8 weeks, when they are simply pulled off the tubers for planting.
How many yams does a plant produce?
When presented with the ideal growing conditions, you can harvest many potatoes in each plant. Every plant can give about 5 to 10 sweet potatoes to reward your gardening efforts. Yields are based on how much care you give your plants in their growing season and the type of potatoes you choose to grow.
Are yams easy growing?
Yams are more difficult to grow and take much longer to be ready for harvest. They have rough skin, which is more difficult to peel than the skin of sweet potatoes. Yams are a vigorous herbaceous vine that will climb on anything – some vines grow up to 8 inches in a day!
How many months does it take for yam to grow?
Depending on the variety, yams are harvested 6 to 12 months after planting. Lift the tubers when the leaves and stems turn yellow and dry. Do not leave the ripe tubers too long in the ground, otherwise they become bitter and may rot.
Can I grow yams from a yam?
Cut your yam root into chunks about the size of a peach, dip them in ashes, then plant them. Not all of your yam minisetts will grow; however, most will root and give you some yields. Another method I haven’t read much about is starting yams from cuttings. I had good luck rooting yam cuttings in a mist house last year.
Can yam be planted in June?
Farmers can plant their yam as soon as the rain stabilises. But some people plant theirs during the dry season – that is between January and March. However, the farmer who is planting at such period should be conscious of the sun; because the temperature would be high.
How is yam harvested?
Traditionally yams are harvested manually using wooden spades or digging sticks and with great care to avoid damaging the tubers. Exceptionally, the short-term variety D. rotundata can be double-harvested, the first harvest being 5-6 months after planting and the second 3-4 months later (Onwueme 1978).
Can yam grow in South Africa?
They occur in tropical and warm temperate regions of the world including parts of southern Africa. Many of the 400 or so species in the main genus, Dioscorea, are vines with edible, starchy tubers and are commonly known as yams.