Why was the Niger River important to the rise of civilizations in West Africa?

How was the Niger River important to civilization in West Africa?

The Niger river flows from west to east across West Africa. … The Niger river provided irrigation and drinking water in the more arid parts of the these empires. The river was a food source providing fish, and other food to the people of the empires. Many civilizations had their beginnings along side a river.

How did the Niger River contribute to the rise of empires in West Africa?

The Mali Empire established itself as a regional powerhouse in medieval times through of its exports of gold, as well as salt, and its control over the Sahara trade routes from West Africa. … The Niger River basin nourished these powers, providing the resources necessary to build and sustain empires.

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Why was the Niger River important to the growth of the Mali Empire quizlet?

The major river that was important to the people of Mali was the Niger River. The Niger River provided a source of water, food, and transportation.

What was the most important river for West African civilizations?

Given the river’s historical importance to trade and agriculture in the region, the Niger has been at the heart of the most renowned civilizations in West Africa such as the Mali Empire.

Why were the Niger and Senegal rivers important to the civilizations that developed in West Africa?

Why do you think the Niger and Senegal rivers were important to the civilizations that developed in West Africa? They provided water for cooking, cleaning, drinking, and transportation. 11. Islam spread into West Africa beginning in the 700s.

Why was the Niger river important to the growth of the Mali Empire?

Mansa Musa was the high chief of the Mali Empire. The gold salt trade across the Sarah Desert with the north had already brought Islamic influences to the Mali Empire. … The Niger River provided a means of transportation in West Africa that made the trade within the Western African Empire possible.

Why was the Niger river important to Timbuktu?

The region of the Niger bend, in the Sahel, was a key origin and destination for trans-Saharan trade, fueling the wealth of great empires such as the Ghana, Mali, and Songhai Empires. Major trading ports along the river, including Timbuktu and Gao, became centers of learning and culture.

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What led to the rise of Ghana Empire?

Rapidly growing trade brought a lot of wealth and power to West Africa, just as the Ghana Empire was getting its start. The Ghana Empire, in particular, grew rich from the trans-Sahara trade. It certainly helped that the empire had control over the three major gold fields to the south of them.

What river has been important in West African history?

The Niger River is the third longest river in Africa and one of the fifteen longest in the world, reaching about 4,200km from the interior to the Atlantic. Its long flow and unusual course have helped to make it important to commerce and culture throughout much of West Africa.

Why was Mansa Musa important to the Mali Empire?

Mansa Musa developed cities like Timbuktu and Gao into important cultural centers. … Mansa Musa inherited a kingdom that was already wealthy, but his work in expanding trade made Mali the wealthiest kingdom in Africa. His riches came from mining significant salt and gold deposits in the Mali kingdom.

What was significant about the Mali kingdom?

From the 13th to 17th century, West Africa was home to the great Mali Empire. … Mali included the city of Timbuktu, which became known as an important center of knowledge. Mali also developed into a hub for the Islamic faith before poor leadership led to the empire’s ultimate decline in power and influence.

What major river was most important to the people of Mali?

Although Mali is one of the largest countries in Africa, it has a relatively small population, which is largely centred along the Niger River. The Bambara (Bamana) ethnic group and language predominate, with several other groups—including the Fulani (Fulbe), Dogon, and Tuareg—also present in the population.

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What are the important rivers of West Africa?

West Africa

  • Aba – Nigeria.
  • Bandama River.
  • Benue – Nigeria.
  • Cavalla River – Liberia.
  • Gambia – The Gambia, Senegal, Guinea.
  • Kolenté (Great Scarcies) – Guinea, Sierra Leone.
  • Little Scarcies (Kaba) – Guinea, Sierra Leone.
  • Moa – Guinea, Sierra Leone.

How was the Niger river formed?

From there the Niger once dropped more than 1,000 feet (300 metres) in about 40 miles (60 km) into a valley formed by tectonic subsidence; but the rapids in this stretch have been submerged by the waters backed up by the Markala Dam, located some 150 miles (240 km) downstream of the Sotuba Dam near Sansanding.

How did the Niger river promote trade?

The trade routes that evolved along the Niger River Valley have come to be known as the trans-Saharan caravan trade, a system of routes on which merchants traveled by caravan across the Sahara Desert. … Djenne was one of the first noteworthy trading centers of the region. It was also famous for its iron production.