Why does deforestation occur in Africa?

However, although over 90 per cent of all deforestation across Africa is being caused by agricultural development alone, there are other industries responsible too, such as the logging and mining industries, which have both been increasing due to an influx of Chinese loggers and miners operating in Africa.

Why does Africa have deforestation?

The conversion of forest land to agriculture, both subsistence and commercial, is by far the most common and most destructive cause of deforestation in Africa and other tropical regions.

Where does deforestation occur in Africa?

Deforestation is a prime example—17 percent of the world’s forests are found in Africa, including the second largest tropical forest, the rainforest of the Congo Basin, which itself accounts for a whopping 60 percent of Africa’s biodiversity.

What is the main problem facing forests in Africa?

Deforestation has long been a problem.

When Kenya gained independence in 1963, 10% of the country was covered in forest. By 2009, this number had dropped to 6% as a result of charcoal and timber production, agriculture expansion, unregulated logging and urbanisation.

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Why is deforestation a problem in South Africa?

The third issue is the deforestation of land in South Africa. This is one of South Africa’s biggest problems because it feeds to both pollution and lack of energy – at the rate of the deforestation, not enough energy can be produced for everyone to use in South Africa.

What is causing deforestation in Kenya and elsewhere in Africa?

Population growth is the underlying cause behind deforestation in Kenya, according to the Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI). … The widespread destruction of the Kenyan indigenous forest is due to “de-facto excisions”, Christian Lambrechts, a member of the Kenya Forestry Working Group, told IRIN.

Why is deforestation happening in the Congo?

Slash-and-burn agriculture, commercial farming and the development of infrastructure to open up the forest zones together with the construction of secondary agricultural roads are the main causes of deforestation. Other reasons include urban expansion due to the rural exodus and population growth.

Why does deforestation occur in developing countries?

Results indicate that in the short term, deforestation is due to population growth and agricultural expansion, aggravated over the long term by wood harvesting for fuel and export.

Why is deforestation in Nigeria?

The main drivers of deforestation in the country are agriculture, logging and mining. Studies in the southern region have cited rapid population growth, agricultural expansion (e.g. cocoa belt of southwest Nigeria), use of fuel wood and logging as major drivers of deforestation in the country13.

What is deforestation and why is it important?

Deforestation not only removes vegetation that is important for removing carbon dioxide from the air, but the act of clearing the forests also produces greenhouse gas emissions. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations says that deforestation is the second-leading cause of climate change.

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What are the forests in Africa?

Considering that, here are eight biggest forests in Africa, they hold the future of the continent and you will definitely get lost in them.

  1. Congo Forest. …
  2. Mau forest. …
  3. Cross-Niger Transition Forests. …
  4. Ongoye Forest. …
  5. Budongo Forest Reserve. …
  6. Newlands Forest. …
  7. Mount Cameroon and Bioko Montane Forests. …
  8. Arabuko Sokoke forest.

Does Sub-Saharan Africa have rain forests?

More than 70 percent of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa depends on forests and woodlands for its livelihood; one fifth of rural families’ daily needs come from forests. … And, Africa is home to 25 percent of the world’s remaining rainforests.

How does deforestation affect Africa?

The study shows that changing land use from forest to crop land reduces rainfall over neighbouring trees by around 50% due to changes in the surface temperature which affects the formation of rain clouds. …

Where does deforestation occur in South Africa?

Currently, 12 million hectares of forests are cleared annually – an area 1,3 times the size of KwaZulu/Natal! Almost all of this deforestation occurs in the moist forests and open woodlands of the tropics.

Where in Africa is the most deforestation happening?

Nigeria. According to the FAO, Nigeria has the world’s highest deforestation rate of primary forests. It has lost more than half of its primary forest in the last five years.