The Axis defeat at El Alamein meant that North Africa would be lost to Hitler and Mussolini. The defeat was due to a variety of factors. These included insufficient Axis numbers, overextended supply lines, and Allied air superiority.
When did Allies defeat Rommel in North Africa?
North African campaign
|Date||10 June 1940 – 13 May 1943 2 years, 11 months and 3 days|
|Location||Libya, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia|
|Result||Allied victory Occupation of Italian Libya Surrender of all Axis forces in North Africa Eventual Allied invasion of Sicily|
What was the turning point defeat of General Rommel in North Africa?
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
British forces, under a succession of commanders, were continually out-fought by Rommel. The vital port of Tobruk was besieged twice. The turning point came at El Alamein in October 1942, when General Montgomery inflicted a decisive defeat on the Axis forces.
Who defeated Rommel in North Africa?
It marked the beginning of the end for the Axis in North Africa. The charismatic Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was comprehensively defeated by the British Eighth Army, and Allied material superiority meant that he had little chance of rallying his broken forces.
Who defeated Rommel at the Battle of El Alamein?
Fought near the western frontier of Egypt between 23 October and 4 November 1942, El Alamein was the climax and turning point of the North African campaign of World War Two (1939-45). The Axis army of Italy and Germany suffered a decisive defeat by the British Eighth Army.
Why did Rommel lose?
The Axis forces never had enough supplies. This was because the majority of their supplies came by sea and the Allies restrict Axis shipping. This meant that Rommel had an insecure supply line, although he could source his oil from Libyan oil fields.
Why was the battle for North Africa so important?
The battle for North Africa was a struggle for control of the Suez Canal and access to oil from the Middle East and raw materials from Asia. Oil in particular had become a critical strategic commodity due to the increased mechanization of modern armies.
What happened to Rommel?
On October 14, 1944, German Gen. Erwin Rommel, nicknamed “the Desert Fox,” is given the option of facing a public trial for treason, as a co-conspirator in the plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, or taking cyanide. He chooses the latter.
How did Rommel get to Africa?
In the famous battle of El Alamein, the British Eighth Army—beginning in October 23, 1942—surprised the German commander with its brute resolve, and pushed him and his Afrika Korps back across and out of North Africa.
Why was the Battle of the Bulge important?
The Battle of the Bulge marked the last German offense on the Western Front. The catastrophic losses on the German side prevented Germany from resisting the advance of Allied forces following the Normandy Invasion. Less than four months after the end of the Battle of the Bulge, Germany surrendered to Allied forces.
What happened to the Afrika Korps?
On 13 May, the Afrika Korps surrendered, along with all other remaining Axis forces in North Africa. Most Afrika Korps POWs were transported to the United States and held in Camp Shelby in Mississippi, Camp Hearne in Texas and other POW camps until the end of the war.
Why was the victory at El Alamein so important to the Allies?
The Allied victory was the beginning of the end of the Western Desert Campaign, eliminating the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields. The battle revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941.
Why was the Battle of El Alamein a turning point in the war?
It ended the long fight for the Western Desert, and was the only great land battle won by the British and Commonwealth forces without direct American participation. The victory also persuaded the French to start cooperating in the North African campaign.
What happened in the North African campaign?
Operation Torch was the British-American invasion of French North Africa during the North African Campaign of the Second World War. The Soviet Union pressed the United States and United Kingdom to start operations in Europe and open a second front to reduce the pressure of German forces on the Soviet troops.