Some recent studies date the inception of iron metallurgy in Africa between 3,000 and 2,500 BCE. Evidence exists for earlier iron metallurgy in parts of Nigeria, Cameroon, and Central Africa, possibly from as early as around 2,000 BCE.
When did Africans start using metal?
Although this review principally concerns Africa south of the Sahara desert, the earliest evidence of metal production and use was in Egypt. Copper was first used there around 5000–4000 BCE and was being smelted by 3000 BCE.
Did Africans invent iron?
African communities may or may not have independently invented a process to work iron, but they were enormously innovative in their techniques. The earliest iron artifacts in the world were beads made by the Egyptians about 5,000 years ago.
How was iron discovered in Africa?
Africa is rather large, and the smelting of iron took place there for at least 2500 years. … The technology, if it wasn’t invented independently, could easily have reached Northern Africa via the Phoenicians and the Meroitic regions (now Sudan) down the Nile from the Hitittes when they had invaded Egypt.
Who introduced iron metallurgy in Africa?
Iron smelting in Egypt was not known before the eighth century BC. There is no material evidence for early ironworking in North Africa, but it is presumed to have been introduced by Phoenician settlers in or after the ninth century BC (107).
Did Africa skip the Bronze Age?
Unlike Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa lacks a Bronze Age, a period in which softer metals, such as copper, were made into artifacts. In Sub-Saharan Africa there is a Stone Age and an Iron Age. … By 500 BCE, smelting and forging iron for tools were well-developed.
What was unusual about the West African Iron Age?
What was unusual about the west African iron age? it was a center of trade.
What era was the Iron Age?
The Iron Age was a period in human history that started between 1200 B.C. and 600 B.C., depending on the region, and followed the Stone Age and Bronze Age. During the Iron Age, people across much of Europe, Asia and parts of Africa began making tools and weapons from iron and steel.
When was the Iron Age relies discovered?
In the Mesopotamian states of Sumer, Akkad and Assyria, the initial use of iron reaches far back, to perhaps 3000 BC. One of the earliest smelted iron artifacts known was a dagger with an iron blade found in a Hattic tomb in Anatolia, dating from 2500 BC.
When was the Iron Age in Southern Africa?
The Southern African Iron Age began around 1 800 years ago, when the Ntu speaking (formerly known as Bantu) peoples moved into the area.
When was the Bronze Age in Africa?
The bronze age history period began between 5,300 and 2,600 b2k. At about 3300 BC, the historical record opens in Northern Africa with the rise of literacy in the Pharaonic civilization of Ancient Egypt.
Did Sub Saharan Africa have metal?
Africa south of the Sahara, it now seems, was home to a separate and independent invention of iron metallurgy … To sum up the available evidence, iron technology across much of sub-Saharan Africa has an African origin dating to before 1000 BCE.
Is there steel in Africa?
Egypt, Morocco, Nigeria, Tunisia and Zimbabwe produce for their domestic steel plants only. Compared with other regions in the world, Africa is relatively generously endowed with several steel alloying minerals which include chromite, cobalt, manganese, tantalite, nickel and tungsten.
When did iron Works begin in Africa?
Iron smelting and forging technologies may have existed in West Africa among the Nok culture of Nigeria as early as the sixth century B.C. In the period from 1400 to 1600, iron technology appears to have been one of a series of fundamental social assets that facilitated the growth of significant centralized kingdoms in …
When did Africa develop agriculture?
The first agriculture in Africa began in the heart of the Sahara Desert, which in 5200 BC was far more moist and densely populated than today. Several native species were domesticated, most importantly pearl millet, sorghum and cowpeas, which spread through West Africa and the Sahel.
In what area of Africa did the early Bantu originate?
The Bantu Migration. The Bantu expansion, or a postulated millennia-long series of migrations of speakers of the original proto-Bantu language group, originated from the adjoining regions of Cameroon and Nigeria about 3,000 years ago, eventually reaching South Africa around 300 CE.