What was the most important technology allowed Europeans to conquer Africa?

But of course the most important technology that enabled Europeans to dominate Africa was guns. By the 19th century, European gun technology had improved dramatically, especially with the introduction of the Maxim machine gun, which allowed Europeans to wipe out Africans in battle after battle.

What new technologies allowed European to colonize Africa?

Steel steamships (and other technologies) helped European empires expand inland in Africa and Asia; and once quinine had been discovered, exploration of the former continent was made much easier.

What allowed Europeans to conquer most of Africa?

The European countries were able to colonise African countries rapidly because there were rivalries between African leaders. These kings and chiefs were competing with each other to be the richest and most powerful within their tribes.

What weapon helped the Europeans conquer Africa?

Africans had a greater acquaintance with another ubiquitous weapon of the First World War: the machine gun. Used to devastating effect in European colonial expansion on the continent, by the time the world war began, many Africans were already familiar with its staggering firepower.

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What technologies enabled Europeans dominate Africa?

But of course the most important technology that enabled Europeans to dominate Africa was guns. By the 19th century, European gun technology had improved dramatically, especially with the introduction of the Maxim machine gun, which allowed Europeans to wipe out Africans in battle after battle.

What was the new technology that allowed European countries to conquer many African countries?

One of the most commonly mentioned and most significant technological advances was the introduction of steam power. Steam ships gave nations a huge advantage in terms of “penetration and conquest of non-Western areas”.

What technology did Europe bring to Africa?

Invention of the Maxim Gun (machine gun) The steam engine allowed Europeans to travel upstream to establish bases of control deeper within the continent. Railroads allowed for faster transportation and communication within a colony, and between the colony & its controlling nation.

What were Europeans trying to control in Africa?

During this time, many European countries expanded their empires by aggressively establishing colonies in Africa so that they could exploit and export Africa’s resources. Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes.

How did Europe conquer the world?

Between 1492 and 1914, Europeans conquered 84 percent of the globe, establishing colonies and spreading their influence across every inhabited continent. … Of course, the lead Europeans took in developing the technology of guns, armed ships, and fortifications was critical.

What was the most important technology that Europeans dominate Africa?

But of course the most important technology that enabled Europeans to dominate Africa was guns. By the 19th century, European gun technology had improved dramatically, especially with the introduction of the Maxim machine gun, which allowed Europeans to wipe out Africans in battle after battle.

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What two inventions discoveries made European domination of Africa possible?

The discovery that quinine could be used to prevent malaria allowed Europeans to enter Africa in large numbers for the first time. The invention of the breech loader, smokeless powder, and the machine gun widened the firearms gap and made colonial conquests easier than ever before.

Which technological invention helped to open up the interior of Africa?

European countries also had the means to control their empire. The invention of the steam engine allowed Europeans to easily travel on rivers to establish bases of control deep in the African continent.

How industrialization and technology contributed to European imperialism in Africa?

These new industrialized nations needed more raw materials to fuel their mass production and population growth. In order to maximize the countries profits, these industrialized nations went out to find nations that they could exploit natural resources and cheap labor from thus leading to imperialism.