What major river helped to shape the history culture and trade in West Africa?

The Niger River, in particular, has been important to its development, both because it supplied water for domestic and agricultural uses and because it could be used as a “highway” for trade.

Which river helped with the growth of trade in West Africa?

Like Ghana, ​Mali​ lay along the upper Niger River. This area’s fertile soil helped Mali grow. In addition, Malis location on the Niger allowed its people to control trade on the river. Through this control of trade, the empire grew rich and powerful.

What rivers were important to West Africa?

Niger River, principal river of western Africa. With a length of 2,600 miles (4,200 km), it is the third longest river in Africa, after the Nile and the Congo. The Niger is believed to have been named by the Greeks. Along its course it is known by several names.

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Which river was the most important for trade in Africa?

The Nile River also continues to be an important trade route, connecting Africa with markets in Europe and beyond. The Nile River flows over 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) until emptying into the Mediterranean Sea.

What was the most important river for West African civilizations?

Given the river’s historical importance to trade and agriculture in the region, the Niger has been at the heart of the most renowned civilizations in West Africa such as the Mali Empire.

Why might the Niger river and Senegal river be important to the development of medieval West African civilizations?

The Mali Empire established itself as a regional powerhouse in medieval times through of its exports of gold, as well as salt, and its control over the Sahara trade routes from West Africa. … The Niger River basin nourished these powers, providing the resources necessary to build and sustain empires.

How did the Niger river encourage trade?

Why did the Niger river encourage trade? You could ride along the river to get from place to place. Also you could fish and farm from the river and fertile soil.

Which major river was in or near the West African kingdoms?

The Niger River provided a transportation highway for the West African Kingdoms that successively ruled the region. The region in area has dense tropical forest that are difficult to transverse. The River was a means of moving goods and materials for trade.

Why are rivers important in Africa?

Rivers provide excellent habitat and food for many of the earth’s organisms. … In Africa, animals such as antelopes, lions and elephants go to rivers for water to drink. Other animals such as bears catch fish from rivers. River deltas have many different species of wildlife.

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Why is the Niger River important to West Africa?

NARRATOR: The Niger is one of the major rivers in western Africa. Like the Serengeti and Volta rivers, its waters are tapped for irrigation of the dry savannas, used as a source of hydroelectricity, and as a vital transportation artery.

What were the major trade cities in northern Africa?

Major Trade Cities

Along the coast of North Africa sea port cities developed such as Marrakesh, Tunis, and Cairo. The port city of Adulis on the Red Sea was also an important trade center.

Is the Nile river the longest river in the world?

Nile River, Arabic Baḥr Al-Nīl or Nahr Al-Nīl, the longest river in the world, called the father of African rivers. It rises south of the Equator and flows northward through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea.

What were the major trade routes in West Africa?

The Trans-Saharan Trade Route was the network of routes that took goods across the Sahara desert. These routes went north to south and from east to west. Along the northern part of Africa, there were port cities that received goods from far away parts of the world.

What are the four major rivers in West Africa?

Niger River

  • Benin.
  • Guinea.
  • Mali.
  • Niger.
  • Nigeria.

Why were the Niger and Senegal rivers important to the civilizations that developed in West Africa?

Why do you think the Niger and Senegal rivers were important to the civilizations that developed in West Africa? They provided water for cooking, cleaning, drinking, and transportation. 11. Islam spread into West Africa beginning in the 700s.

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What are the two major rivers in Nigeria?

The major rivers of Nigeria are found in these lowland areas. Nigeria has two major rivers, the Niger, after which the country is named, and the Benue. They meet at the Lokoja confluence and enter the Gulf of Guinea through a network of creeks and distributaries which form the Niger Delta.