What is the top part of Africa called?

Ethiopian Highlands (Roof of Africa) Sub-Saharan Africa is the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara. The Guinea region is distinguished from the neighboring Sudan region by its rainforests and runs along the Atlantic coast from Guinea to Nigeria.

Which part of Africa is the highest?

The continent also has some of the biggest water basins worldwide, namely the Nile, Congo, and Niger rivers. East Africa has, instead, the highest summit on the continent, the Kilimanjaro. Peaking at 5,895 meters, the mountain dominates Tanzania’s landscape and attracts thousands of climbers each year.

What is the part of Africa above the Sahara called?

The Sahel extends across all of Africa at a latitude of about 10° to 15° N. Countries that include parts of the Sahara Desert proper in their northern territories and parts of the Sahel in their southern region include Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad and Sudan. The Sahel has a hot semi-arid climate.

What are the different parts of Africa called?

The UN Statistics Division has subdivided the African continent into five regions, Northern Africa, Central or Middle Africa , Southern Africa, East Africa, and Western Africa.

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What are the four parts of Africa?

Geographic regions in Africa

  • Four regions: North Africa, West Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa.
  • Five regions: North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa.
  • Six regions: North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, North East Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa.

Which country is the richest in Africa?

Nigeria is the richest and most populous country in Africa.

Richest African Countries by GDP

  • Nigeria – $514.05 billion.
  • Egypt – $394.28 billion.
  • South Africa – $329.53 billion.
  • Algeria – $151.46 billion.
  • Morocco – $124 billion.
  • Kenya – $106.04 billion.
  • Ethiopia – $93.97 billion.
  • Ghana – $74.26 billion.

Which city in Africa is the largest?

Horn of Africa, region of eastern Africa. It is the easternmost extension of African land and for the purposes of this article is defined as the region that is home to the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia, whose cultures have been linked throughout their long history.

What is Africa geographically?

Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. … Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.

Why is Ethiopia called the Horn of Africa?

The Horn of Africa takes its name from the horn-shaped land formation that forms the easternmost point of the African continent, projecting into the Indian Ocean south of the Arabian Peninsula.

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What is the western part of Africa called?

western Africa, region of the western African continent comprising the countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.

What’s the largest continent?

Asia, the largest continent, stretches from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the western Pacific Ocean.

Is Egypt in Africa or Asia?

Egypt (Arabic: مِصر‎, romanized: Miṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

Is Egypt an African country?

Egypt, country located in the northeastern corner of Africa.

What is Africa known for?

Africa is distinctively unique continent among all 7 continents of the world. Africa has a very diverse culture. It is rich in cultural heritage and diversity, a wealth of natural resources, offers breathtaking tourist attractions.

How is Africa divided?

The African continent is commonly divided into five subregions: North or Northern Africa, West Africa, Central or Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.