What is the northernmost country in Africa?

The northernmost point of the Continent is Îles des Chiens, Tunisia. The island is located in the Mediterranean Ocean.

What are the northernmost and southernmost countries in Africa?


  • Northernmost Point — Ras ben Sakka, Tunisia.
  • Southernmost Point — Cape Agulhas, South Africa (34°51’15″S) ¹
  • Westernmost Point — Santo Antão, Cape Verde Islands (25°25’W)
  • Easternmost Point — Rodrigues, Mauritius (63°30’E)

What country is in the northwest of Africa?

The countries and territories in Northwestern Africa include: Algeria. Libya. Morocco.

Where is Northern Africa?

Northern Africa is generally accepted to refer to the northernmost region of the African continent, stretching from the Atlantic shores of Morocco in the west to the Suez Canal and the Red Sea in the east.

What are the extreme point of Africa?

The highest point in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro, 5,891.8 m (19,330 ft) in Tanzania. The lowest point is Lake Asal, 153 m (502 ft) below sea level, in Djibouti.

What is the northernmost country?

List of countries by northernmost point

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Country Northernmost point
Norway Rossøya, Svalbard Cape Nordkinn, Finnmark County (mainland)
United States Point Barrow, Alaska Northwest Angle, Minnesota (contiguous 48 States)
Finland Nuorgam, Utsjoki, Lapland
Sweden Treriksröset, Kiruna, Norrbotten County, Lapland

What is the northernmost land on earth?

Peary Land in the North of Greenland and with Oodaaq island is the northernmost land of the world. The coastline is deeply indented by smaller fjords. Highest peak of Peary Land is Mara Mountain of Roosevelt Mountain Range, 1,155 meters high.

What is considered Northern Africa?

North Africa, region of Africa comprising the modern countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. … It has been regarded by some as stretching from the Atlantic shores of Morocco in the west to the Suez Canal and the Red Sea in the east, though this designation is more commonly referred to as northern Africa.

What is the continent north of Africa?

African Country Research

The UN Statistics Division has subdivided the African continent into five regions, Northern Africa, Central or Middle Africa , Southern Africa, East Africa, and Western Africa.

Is Northern Africa considered Middle East?

The Middle East is a loose term, not always used to describe the same territory. It usually includes the Arab countries from Egypt east to the Persian Gulf, plus Israel and Iran. … Sometimes the Middle East includes North Africa as well. Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are usually described as South Asia.

Why does North Africa speak Arabic?

The migration of Arabs to North Africa in the 11th century was a major factor in the ethnical, linguistic and cultural Arabization of the Maghreb region. The descendants of the original Arab settlers who continue to speak Arabic as a first language currently form the single largest population group in North Africa.

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Is Sudan North or East Africa?

Sudan, country located in northeastern Africa. The name Sudan derives from the Arabic expression bilād al-sūdān (“land of the blacks”), by which medieval Arab geographers referred to the settled African countries that began at the southern edge of the Sahara.

What is the most spoken language in Africa?

While Arabic is the most spoken language in Africa, there’s plenty more – other popular languages include Amharic, Berber, Portuguese, Oromo, Igbo, Yoruba, Zulu and Shona.

What is the top part of Africa called?

Ethiopian Highlands (Roof of Africa) Sub-Saharan Africa is the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara. The Guinea region is distinguished from the neighboring Sudan region by its rainforests and runs along the Atlantic coast from Guinea to Nigeria.

What is the most eastern country in Africa?

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia are collectively known as the Horn of Africa. The area is the easternmost projection of the African continent.

Countries, capitals and largest cities.

Country Horn of Africa South Sudan
Capital Juba
Largest city by population Juba
Second largest city by population Malakal