French West Africa (French: Afrique-Occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Ivory Coast, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.
What is French West Africa called?
Upper Senegal and Niger was renamed the French Sudan in 1920. … By 1960 the formerly colonial territories had become independent republics, with French Sudan changing its name to Mali. Upper Volta was renamed Burkina Faso in 1984.
What is French Sudan called today?
On 22 September, French Sudan changed its name to the Republic of Mali and left the French Community.
What is French Equatorial Africa called now?
From 1934 Moyen-Congo was directly administered by the governor-general of French Equatorial Africa. It was granted independent status as the Congo Republic in 1960 and was subsequently renamed the People’s Republic of the Congo, abbreviated Congo (Brazzaville).
Does the French Empire still exist?
Newer remnants of the colonial empire were integrated into France as overseas departments and territories within the French Republic. These now total altogether 119,394 km2 (46,098 sq. miles), with 2.7 million people in 2013.
French colonial empire.
|French colonial empire Empire colonial français|
What countries are French West Africa?
French West Africa was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin), and Niger.
Do they speak French in West Africa?
the French spoken by people in West and Central Africa – spoken altogether by about 97 million people in 2018, as either a first or second language. … the French varieties spoken in Eastern Africa (Madagascar, Comoros, Mayotte), which have 5.6 million first and second language speakers in 2018.
Why did France take over West Africa?
The French colonial encounter in West Africa was driven by commercial interests and, perhaps to a lesser degree, a civilizing mission. The political administration and the economic interests were fairly uniform throughout the colonial period.
What did the French do to Africans?
As the French pursued their part in the scramble for Africa in the 1880s and 1890s, they conquered large inland areas, and at first, ruled them as either a part of the Senegal colony or as independent entities. These conquered areas were usually governed by French Army officers, and dubbed “military territories”.
Where is Sudanese?
Sudan is located in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest.
Did France occupy Congo?
France controlled the Republic of the Congo as a colony from the 1880s until the Congo’s independence in 1960.
What did France do in North Africa?
In 1830, French troops captured Algiers and from 1848 until independence in 1962, France treated Mediterranean Algeria as an integral part of France, the Métropole or metropolitan France. Seeking to expand their influence beyond Algeria, the French established protectorates to the east and west of it.
Why did the French colonize Congo?
The plan to develop the colony was to grant massive concessions to some thirty French companies. These were granted huge swaths of land on the promise they would be developed. This development was limited and amounted mostly to the extraction of ivory, rubber, and timber.
Which African countries were Colonised by France?
French West Africa
- Ivory Coast (1843–1960)
- Dahomey or French Dahomey (now Benin) (1883–1960) …
- French Sudan (now Mali) (1883–1960) …
- Guinea or French Guinea (1891–1958)
- Mauritania (1902–1960) …
- Niger (1890–1960) …
- Senegal (1677–1960)
- French Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) (1896–1960)
Why did French empire fall?
The French colonial empire began to fall apart during the Second World War, when various parts of their empire were occupied by foreign powers (Japan in Indochina, Britain in Syria and Lebanon, the US and Britain in Morocco and Algeria, Germany in Tunisia).
What countries does France still own?
The five overseas collectivities of France include:
- Saint-Barthélemy (Caribbean)
- Saint-Martin (Caribbean)
- Saint Pierre and Miquelon (North America)
- Wallis and Futuna (Pacific)
- French Polynesia (Pacific)