Rainfall is highest in the north, where parts of the Kroumirie range in Tunisia receive between 40 and 60 inches of rainfall a year. This is in sharp contrast to the areas east of the High Atlas, where annual rainfall never totals above 17 inches.
Where is the highest average annual precipitation in North Africa Southwest Asia and Central Asia found?
Overall, it is the Mediterranean depressions which carry most of the precipitation to the northern half of southwest Asia — the area of greatest precipitation being the coastal regions of the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean Seas.
What is the name of the body of water that forms the northern border of the region of North Africa that is labeled with the number 2?
Mediterranean Sea: The Mediterranean Sea forms North Africa’s northern border. The sea affects life in the region. The area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlas Mountains in Morocco, Algiers, and Tunisia is one of the few fertile places in the region.
What landform is located in northern Africa?
North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. The Atlas Mountains extend across much of northern Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.
How much of North Africa is desert?
The area is 6 million square kilometres, of which 94 percent is in the desert ecosystems of the North African Sahara.  The forest cover in this subregion is among the lowest in the world at around 1 percent of the land surface (Figure 13-1).
Chapter 13. North Africa.
|Land area||44 630|
|Forest area 2000||2 491|
How much rainfall does North Africa get?
Inland, the countries of North Africa have semiarid and arid desert climates, which are marked by extremes in daily high and low temperatures, with hot summers and cold winters, and little rainfall—approximately 200 to 400 mm per year for semiarid regions and less than 100 mm per year for desert regions.
How much precipitation do most areas of Southwest Asia receive a year?
Southwest Asia is extremely arid. Most areas receive less than 18 inches of precipitation a year. A huge portion of its land area is covered with rough, dry terrain that varies from huge tracts of sand dunes to great salt flats.
What body of water is north of Africa?
The continent is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, and on the south by the mingling waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
Where is the continent of Africa?
Africa is a continent south of Europe, between the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean.
Which continent lies to the north of Africa?
North Africa is very hot with a desert climate and not much rain at all. Although temperatures are generally very high, they can drop to below freezing in the mountains and the Sahara desert when nighttime comes. The climate of North Africa is dominated by the Sahara desert.
What geographical features are found in North Africa?
Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Most of North Africa’s population lives along the Mediterranean coast or along the Nile River. The ethnic majority in the Maghreb are Berber, with Arabs dominating in Egypt.
What are northern landforms?
These landforms include the Inaouene and Sebou valleys. Also reaching into the northern region are the Rif and Beni-Snassen mountains, the Loukko and Moulouya valleys, and the plateaus of Guercif, Saka and Gareb. The Rif Mountains stand as perhaps the most majestic of these landforms.
What is the most rainfall in northern Africa?
The average annual precipitation is below 100 mm in the Sahara but as high as 1 500 mm in the regions of Ain Draham and Djebel El Ghorra in Tunisia and up to 2 000 mm in the mountains of Morocco. However, less than 10 percent of the subregion receives more than 300 mm per year.
Why is North Africa so dry?
The answer lies in the climate of the Arctic and northern high latitudes. … This rapid transition 5,500 years ago stems from a cooling of northern high latitudes. The cooler temperatures in the north weakened the high altitude Tropical Easterly Jet, which consistently brought moisture into northern Africa.
What is Africa’s largest lake?
Lake Victoria, also called Victoria Nyanza, largest lake in Africa and chief reservoir of the Nile, lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. Its area is 26,828 square miles (69,484 square km). Among the freshwater lakes of the world, it is exceeded in size only by Lake Superior in North America.