Scientists say a new ocean will form in Africa as the continent continues to split into two. The East African Rift system made up the western and eastern continental rifts, and stretches from the Afar region of Ethiopia down to Mozambique.
What if Africa split?
As the plates continue to pull away from each other, the rift valley will sink deeper and deeper, and water from the Red Sea will flood in to create a new ocean. Africa will become a lot smaller, as parts of southern Ethiopia and Somalia will drift off to form a new island.
What will happen to the Great Rift Valley in Africa eventually?
“The Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea will flood in over the Afar region and into the East African Rift Valley and become a new ocean, and that part of East Africa will become its own separate small continent,” Macdonald said. The three plates are separating at different speeds.
Is there a big crack in Africa?
A massive crack suddenly appeared in Kenya, prompting new discussion on the breakup of Africa into two land masses. The crack continues to grow in size as heavy rainfall in Kenya’s Narok County exacerbates the kilometer-sized chasm. … This plume is causing Africa to split in two along the eastern edge of the continent.
Is the African continent moving?
The African Plate’s speed is estimated at around 2.15 cm (0.85 in) per year. It has been moving over the past 100 million years or so in a general northeast direction. … Along its northeast margin, the African Plate is bounded by the Red Sea Rift where the Arabian Plate is moving away from the African Plate.
What will happen to Africa in the future?
Projections show that by 2050, Africa’s population will double. By 2100, one in three people on Earth will be African. This means that, by the end of the century, sub-Saharan Africa—which already has an extraordinarily young population—will be home to almost half of the young people in the world.
Where is the crack in Africa?
In northwestern Kenya, in the East African Rift Valley, there is a volcanic area south of Lake Turkana. The Earth’s crust is broken into a number of plates that sometimes glide to form dramatic cracks like the one that recently appeared. The valley also has volcanism and seismic activity.
Why was Africa divided?
This conference was called by German Chancellor Bismarck to settle how European countries would claim colonial land in Africa and to avoid a war among European nations over African territory. … All the major European States were invited to the conference.
Why is Africa called Africa?
According to this school of thought, the Romans discovered a land opposite the Mediterranean and named it after the Berber tribe residing within the Carnage area, presently referred to as Tunisia. The tribe’s name was Afri, and the Romans gave the name Africa meaning the land of the Afri.
Is Africa witnessing the birth of a new ocean?
Africa is witnessing the birth of a new ocean, according to scientists at the Royal Society. Geologists working in the remote Afar region of Ethiopia say the ocean will eventually split the African continent in two, though it will take about 10 million years.
What is earth crack?
Faults are cracks in the earth’s crust along which there is movement.
How deep is the crack in Africa?
Local media outlet Daily Nation reports that the crack is as much as 50 feet deep in some areas, and up to 20 meters wide. It appears in the East African Rift Valley that runs from the Horn of Africa, which contains countries like Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania, all the way to to Mozambique.
Will Africa become an island?
The giant crack opening there now is the beginning of a new sea that will one day stretch from the Red Sea to Indian Ocean. The Horn of Africa will be a vast island, separated from the rest of Africa by the new Great Rift Sea.
Where in Africa are the rifts located?
The Rift Valley, located in Eastern Africa, covers just over 2% of the continent and spreads over seven countries (Map 5 and Table 29). min. max. The Rift Valley consists of a group of independent interior basins, extending from Djibouti in the north to Tanzania in the south, nearly half being located in Ethiopia.
How was India separated from Africa?
However, the southern plate carrying India underwent a radical change: About 80 million years ago, a collision with Africa cut that plate down to 3,000 kilometers — right around the time India started to speed up. The team believes the diminished plate allowed more material to escape between the two plates.
How is Africa divided?
The African continent is commonly divided into five subregions: North or Northern Africa, West Africa, Central or Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.