Capitalize Black and White when the words are used as proper nouns to refer to social groups. Do not use color words for other ethnic groups. The manual specifies that hyphens should not be used in multiword names such as Asian American or African American.
Is African American capitalized in APA reference?
Racial and ethnic groups are designated by proper nouns and are capitalized. Therefore, use “Black” and “White” instead of “black” and “white” (do not use colors to refer to other human groups; doing so is considered pejorative).
Should Black be capitalized MLA?
Timeline for Adopting the Capitalization of Black
Note: The Modern Language Association (MLA) stated in February 2020 that it capitalizes the term Black Lives Matter. For other uses of Black, readers will have to wait for the Ninth Edition of the MLA Handbook, due in Spring 2021.
How do you write race and ethnicity?
When writing about race and ethnicity, use the following tips to guide you:
- Capitalize racial/ethnic groups, such as Black, Asian, and Native American. …
- Do not hyphenate a phrase when used as a noun, but use a hyphen when two or more words are used together to form an adjective.
How do you reference all human beings in APA 7th edition?
To refer to all human beings, use terms like “individuals,” “people,” or persons.” Use the singular “they” to avoid making assumptions about an individual’s gender.
Is American capitalized in APA?
Do we capitalize it? Yes. It’s a proper adjective, which we also use when we refer to the nationality.
Should American be capitalized?
So, is American Capitalized? The simplest answer is yes since American, even when used as an adjective, is referencing a proper noun.
Does African American have a hyphen MLA?
Are names of groups like African American and Native American ever hyphened in MLA style? In MLA style, if each part of the name of an ethnic or national group is an independent term, no hyphen is used, regardless of whether the name appears as a noun or an adjective: … I am studying African American literature.
Is Black capitalized in Chicago?
Manual of Style Contact Join Black and White: A Matter of Capitalization Chicago Manual / June 22… write Black with a capital B when it refers to racial and ethnic identity.
Do you capitalize ethnicities MLA?
The names of ethnic or racial groups are capitalized if they represent a geographical region or language group. For example, Hispanic, Asian, African American, Appalachian.
What race is someone born in USA?
Six races are officially recognized by the U.S. Census Bureau for statistical purposes: White, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and people of two or more races.
What is Latino descent?
OMB defines “Hispanic or Latino” as a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.
How do you determine your ethnicity?
Ethnicity is a broader term than race. The term is used to categorize groups of people according to their cultural expression and identification. Commonalities such as racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin may be used to describe someone’s ethnicity.
Do I use APA 6 or 7?
The 7th edition APA Manual, published in October 2019, is the most current edition. However, the 6th edition, published in 2009, is still used by many universities and journals.
Does APA 7 have a running head?
In the 7th edition of the manual, the running head is “required only for manuscripts being submitted for publication. Running heads are not required for student papers unless the instructor or institution requests them [emphasis added]” (American Psychological Association [APA], 2020, p. 37).
What’s the difference between APA 6 and APA 7?
after that; for sources with six or more authors, use et al. for all citations. 8.17 (Table 8.1): In in-text citations, use et al. for all citations for sources with three or more authors.