In Nigeria, the position is very similar to that of the Gold Coast. For cocoa is alleged to have been first introduced there by a native chief called “Squiss Banego” in 1874—also from Fernando Po. He established a cocoa farm in the Bonny district and cultivation spread.
Who brought cocoa to West Africa?
However, it is probable that at this early period they would have been consigned to Free- town and not to any other part of West Africa. As the voyage Is a com- paratively short one it is quite probable the plants survived and ultimately became established in Sierra Leone.
When was cocoa introduced in Africa?
The first successful introduction of cocoa is attributed to a Ghanaian, Tetteh Quarshie, bringing pods back from Fernando P in 1876.
Who brought the seeds of cocoa to Africa?
The victory of cocoa in Africa started with Tetteh Quarshie. Legend has it that he secretly brought the cocoa to Ghana and, by doing so, laid the foundation for one of the most important Ghanaian and African export products.
Who introduced cocoa in Ghana?
Tetteh Quarshie (1842 – 25 December 1892) was a pre-independence Ghanaian agriculturalist and the person directly responsible for the introduction of cocoa crops to Ghana, which today constitute one of the major export crops of the Ghanaian economy.
Who produces cocoa?
About 70 percent of the world’s cocoa beans come from four West African countries: Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon. The Ivory Coast and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for more than 50 percent of the world´s cocoa.
Which African nation is famous for chocolate?
Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire) leads the world in production and export of the cocoa beans used in the manufacture of chocolate, as of 2012, supplying 38% of cocoa produced in the world.
What is the origin of cocoa?
Cocoa was first developed as a crop in many ancient South American cultures, with the Aztecs and Mayans being the most well-known of these indigenous populations. Researchers have found evidence of cocoa-based food dating back several thousand years.
Where did chocolate originate?
Chocolate’s 4,000-year history began in ancient Mesoamerica, present day Mexico. It’s here that the first cacao plants were found. The Olmec, one of the earliest civilizations in Latin America, were the first to turn the cacao plant into chocolate. They drank their chocolate during rituals and used it as medicine.
Which country established cocoa and coffee plantation in West Africa?
Farmers wishing to increase their cocoa output established new farms elsewhere in the forest zone. This search for new land has led both in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire to large-scale deforestation.
When was cocoa discovered in Nigeria?
History. The earliest cocoa farms in Nigeria were in Bonny and Calabar in the 1870s but the area proved not suitable for cultivation. In 1880, a cocoa farm was established in Lagos and later, a few more farms were established in Agege and Ota.
When was cocoa discovered in Ghana?
Cocoa being the focal point, of course there’ll be some enlightening on the process of chocolate-making too. In 1879, Ghanaian agriculturalist Tetteh Quarshie first discovered the seeds on an expedition to the Spanish colonies of Equatorial Guinea.
When was cocoa introduced to goldcoast?
The Take-Off of Cocoa in the Gold Coast: 1891-1911. As already mentioned, the real breakthrough of the cocoa industry in the Gold Coast took some time – between the introduction of the cocoa beans in the 1870s and the first noteworthy exports in the mid-1890s lie nearly two decades.
How many cocoa farms are in West Africa?
Estimates place the number of West African cocoa farms at 1.5 to 2 million, with more than 4.5 million cocoa farms worldwide. In those countries where climate conditions are favorable, cocoa farming is a widespread activity – and an important source of income.
Which region produces more cocoa in Ghana?
Today, cocoa cultivation has spread across six regions of Ghana : Eastern, Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Volta and the Western region. Due to fluctuating rainfall and decreasing fertility of soils, production has moved westward to the point where the Western region is now Ghana’s main producer of cocoa.